What is zika virus ? | Zika Virus wiki | Zika Virus in India.
Zika virus is a flavivirus. zika virus primarily transmitted to humans by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. zika virus is same likely as dengue and chikungunya and also follow the same cyclic pattern. which surge every 3-4 years although the exact cycle in the number of years is still unknown. , Environment of India, especially Delhi is favourable for zika virus.
Researchers at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and Jamia Millia Islamia have cautioned that Because of a build-up of favorable environment for the virus, An outbreak of Zika fever, which causes microcephaly — a rare birth defect marked by unusually small head size, eye abnormalities and nerve damage — is likely in coming years.
Dr Shama Parveen, assistant professor, Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Basic Sciences (CIRBSc), Jamia Millia Islamia said that We should prepare ourselves to face a Zika outbreak as well.
The Gujarat cases of zika virus in India were not first According to a study published in 2016. Zika antibodies were found in Indians in 1952. Researchers, however, say that its existence may have caused immunity, but due to the nature of the virus, which keeps changing its genome (complete set of genes), immunity becomes obsolete after a certain time-period.
Scientists Say Advanced Vaccines Could Limit Future Outbreaks of zika virus.
How zika virus can transform | Zika Virus transmission -:
Transmission from a viremic mother to her newborn, sexual transmission, blood transfusion, and laboratory exposure.
What are infections caused by zika virus | Zika Virus Disease | symptoms-:
Most Zika virus infections are asymptomatic or result in mild clinical illness, characterized by acute onset of fever, maculopapular rash, arthralgia, or nonpurulent conjunctivitis. Guillain-Barré syndrome, meningoencephalitis, and severe thrombocytopenia rarely have been associated with Zika virus infection. However, congenital Zika virus infection can result in fetal loss, microcephaly, and other birth defects.